|Energy Saving Ideas|
- Caulk around windows and door frames.
- Weatherstrip window and doors.
- Insulate attic floor to R-38 to 44.
- Provide adequate ventilation for circulation in
- Seal bypasses (air leaks).
- Plant trees for a windbreak and sun protection.
- Follow manufacturers recommendation for
proper maintenance of your heating system. When
- Forced Air Furnace
– Check for
proper flue exhaust operation
– Check flue pipes for signs of rust,
corrosion or holes.
– Oil the blower and motor (if
recommended by manufacturer).
– Check filters monthly and change as
– Clean humidifier at beginning of
– Check ducts and repair leaks or
separations, insulate if in an unheated
– Check for steam or
– Check the water level.
– Check the pressure.
– Dust radiators regularly.
- Forced Air Furnace
- Place thermostat on an inside wall away from any
heating or cooling source.
- Keep thermostat set at 65°F to 68°F during the
day and 58°F at night or when you will be gone
four hours or longer.
- Lower your thermostat setting to 55°F during
winter vacations or long periods away from home.
- Keep furniture or other obstructions away from
radiators or forced air vents.
- On sunny days, open window shades or draperies to
let the sun warm the house. Other times, keep
window coverings closed to insulate against cold
- Insulate shades or draperies or hang liners
- Keep fireplace damper closed when not in use.
- Keep basement, garage or attic doors which
connect with the house, closed if these areas
- Use kitchen and bathroom exhaust fans sparingly.
- Place reflective or foil-covered fire retardant
boards behind radiators, with spacers between
board and wall, to reflect more heat into rooms.
- Close doors to unused rooms.
- Plug cold air leaks around permanently installed
window air conditioner. If the grille plate is
removable, tuck in cloth or plastic to shut off
drafts; be sure to remove before turning on the
- Stretch plastic tightly over the inside of
windows to reduce cold air infiltration.
- Humidify is necessary. Dry air evaporates skin
moisture and makes you feel chilly. Adequate
humidity makes lower temperatures feel more
- Keep temperature difference between indoors and
outdoors no more than 15°.
- Shade windows from direct sun in summer with
awnings and trees.
- Apply tinted plastic film to windows in summer.
It reduces solar heat gain and makes lighter work
for your air conditioner.
- Keep cooling system clean; this includes filters,
fans, ducts, vents and thermostats. Clean or
change the filter monthly during the heating and
cooling seasons. Keep condensation drain open.
- Adjust registers to promote upward air flow.
- Keep outdoor cooling unit clean; remove leaves
and debris and clean exposed coils with a garden
- Do not block circulation of air from vents or
cold air returns with furniture or draperies.
|Using Appliances Wisely|
- Preheat oven five to ten minutes for pastries and
foods that rise such as cakes and breads. It is
not necessary to preheat for meats and
- Gas broiling is smokeless; broil with the door
closed. Infrared broilers to not need preheating.
- Bake multiple recipes and freeze the extras for
- Avoid opening the oven door; it can cause a
temporary temperature loss of as much as 50°.
- Never use your oven to warm the kitchen; it was
not designed for space heating. Using your oven
in this way could damage the oven and cause
formation of carbon monoxide.
- Cook on HIGH only when necessary. When food
begins to boil, lower the flame to the smallest
flame needed to maintain a gentle boil.
- Fit the flame to the pan size.
- Cover pans whenever possible.
- Cook foods in the least amount of water
- If burner flame is yellow, ports (holes) and/or
gratesmay need cleaning.
- The microwave is most efficient for small
quantities of foodup to 2 cups.
- Insulate hot water pipes that run through cold
- Drain a few pails of water from the faucet at the
bottom every month to remove sediment.
- Control the temperature setting. Generally,
120°F is the best setting for most laundry and
kitchen needs. Unless your dishwasher heats its
own water, your water heater thermostat must be
set at 140°F to activate dishwasher detergent.
120°F also protects against scalding injuries.
- Fix leaky faucets or toilet tanks. A small leak
can waste as much as 3,280 gallons of water a
- Avoid long showers and full tub baths.
- Install a controlled-flow shower head to cut down
on hot water use.
- Run garbage disposal with cold water.
- When convenient, wash and dry full loads.
- Use cold water rinse whenever possible.
- Clean lint filter screen after each dryer load.
- Dry fabrics only as much as necessary.
- Vent dryer to the outside.
- Place dryer in a warm area of the home.
- Run consecutive loads when possible.
- Separate lightweight fabrics from heavyweight
- Use the "automatic cycle" if your dryer
- When replacing, consider a large-capacity dryer.
- Wash only full loads.
- Scrape food particles from dishes but do not
- Follow the manufacturers instructions on
- Keep filter screen clean.
- Shut off dishwasher before it goes into the
drying cycle; then open the door and let dishes
air dry; or use the energy-saver air-dry option
if your dishwasher has one.
- Use the proper amount of detergent. Too much or
too little detergent reduces efficiency.
- Allow space around the unit for good air
- Defrost the freezer before ice builds up to 1/4
- Set the refrigerator at highest temperature that
will keep food from spoiling: 40°F for
refrigerator, 0°F for freezer.
- Check seal on refrigerator door. Replace if
necessary. Open and close refrigerator as little
as possible, especially during hot weather.
|Additional Energy Savers|
- Turn off lights and TV when rooms are unoccupied.
- Keep light bulbs clean. Even a thin film of dust
reduces their efficiency.
- Fluorescent bulbs use less energy than
incandescent bulbs; they give more light and last
- Cut down on electrical energy use during the
"peak hours" of 4 p.m. to 8 p.m., where
- Check the Energyguide labels when shopping for
new appliances. Improved design and materials
make new major appliances much more efficient.